Benefits Of Paving
Have pavement around your home or area? Do you think the sidewalks add any aesthetic value to your home environment?
Well, think of bare land everywhere and what would be expected at different times and seasons of the year.
Whether in your home or rentals you walk unknowingly on that asphalt decorated pavement or maybe concrete on a daily basis. If there's no such, then you have come across attractive and environment-friendly ones outside the compound. Pavements constructed in homes come in different look as per the owners preferred design. They make the place beautiful, and we can not help but assume a sedate air with high confidence as we walk around.
Ever thought of a rainy day on the road or somewhere stepping on bare muddy earth? Did it feel good? We hate it when mud soils our shiny mansions floor or when little children step in with mud-soaked shoes and clothes. Feels a little bit annoying dealing with such laundry, doesn't it? Thanks to the development of pavements which help reduce such troubles around the home.
Here are some of the advantages of pavements:
Reduced noise Sidewalks have a smooth surface.
This means no high sounds are produced while walking or driving. This is an advantage as there is no nuisance in places where silence is needed.
Improves public image
Going on your way you cannot help but let your eyes explore nature, real estate and whatever there is to view. Driving in that area and realizing there is no tarmac brings other ideas. You feel the place has a rural air or totally swimming in poverty and going back home you decide never to face those potholes again. This means you have taken home a lousy image of the place now.
Pavements help attract people in thinking the economic status is okay, and the people are civilized. Unpaved regions dictate some economic recession which makes the place less attractive financially and naturally. Thus of great importance.
Less maintenance saving cost
Pavements do not demand much capital in maintenance. It may take decades before cash is invested in them which save maintenance cost to be used in other fields. This feature of minimal maintenance within longer duration qualifies them from different ways.
Reduces risk of defects
Currently, accidents in the world are ranked ninth in the disease burden And are to be rank, third in the coming year 2020. Every year people die from road accident related issues, which gradually increases with time. This is a matter of global concern, and a lot of emphases is put on ways to curb these accidents. With the construction of pavements highways, traffic construction is being reduced a factor that helps lower accidents saving more lives.
Encouraging industrial research initiatives
For industrial growth and innovation transport is vital. Poor means of transportation retards the sector as goods and people cannot move in ease. With asphalt and concrete paves everything has changed as research and common cat asphalt easily attained. Reaching your market is easy which enhances smooth trade locally and internationally. This will see growth in the economic status with improved facilities.
Reduces road accidents
With the GIS system, the authorities can analyze the trend of road accidents and identify the hotspots. Today, the smooth pavement is designed in a way that eases traffic congestion. This helps reduce possible cases of road accidents which are import congestion.
Smoother cases of consistent rides
Ever ridden on a bumpy road? How did it feel? If you did, then you can relate to a driving life with all the roughness and dust.
Driving or walking in an unleveled path full of potholes is stressful. You can't even enjoy a smooth ride after a tiring day at work. Dust also exposes you to flu which could be avoided. As alpha roads give you the deserved comfort ability by the paves being smooth making your ride swift, ridden and enjoyable.
Weather makes everything change, and it is upon us to know what to wear with the prevailing condition. Roads also are affected by the weather. During the rainy season, muddy paths dirty our shoes and soils children's clothes which become an added headache. Slipperiness attracts head-on collisions. Vehicles may get stuck in mud during heavy rains. This may lead to more accidents and many other problems which may deteriorate growth economically. However, pavements are a different story as they have impervious surfaces which ensure safe driving and are human-friendly as they are waterproof. This means reduced challenges and ease in transport.
Provides reliability of journey time
Roads with potholes aren't easy to drive on. You have to take your time around them for safety precautions which means you spend a lot of time on the road while your boss waits for you on the other end. Pavements offer a fine texture which allows you not to skid saving you a tons of time, so you don't have to be late!
Pavements are environment-friendly
Asphalt used in making pavement is fully recyclable. This environmental friendly Asphalt duration as health matters a great deal. That help reduces noise and sustainability which are core issues on emphasis today. They reduce work for long durations without intensive maintenance.
Road work related Issues such as congestion, maintenance in queue have been reduced with the development of modern paves. This allows room for normal traffic operation and driving.
Pavements are one of the fastest and most economical surfaces in sealing cracks (bitumen seals the existing surface against the ingress of harmful moisture) reducing the likelihood of potholes forming which means they are cost effective.
It maximizes the use of limited highway maintenance funding (costing only around one-fifth of conventional resurfacing). Even the simplest and cheapest of the resurfacing treatments is likely to require four times the rate of surface dressing and the disparity in cost rises to about a factor of twelve for main road resurfacing.
It leads to less congestion to road users because of the speed at which the works are carried out.
Given these benefits, the surface dressing is one of the most favored maintenance techniques nationwide.
Rolling resistance is the resistance to the motion of a tire rolling on pavement, but not including resistance due to braking. Rolling resistance is caused by energy dissipating mechanisms such as the tire deflections that occur in the contact patch. The tire pressure greatly influences these deflections, so tire pressure is a significant factor in rolling resistance.
Reducing rolling resistance means energy savings. For an individual tire, the amount of energy saved may be minimal. However, when multiplied by the number of tires in the nation’s vehicle fleet, and the number of miles traveled, a reduction in rolling resistance can translate to a substantial savings all because of paving.
Geographic Information System in traffic
Efficient and reliable transport helps promote growth and reduce poverty this is an essential asset for socio-economic development. Since pavement was inventoried, other technologies have come up in this sector. Inadequacy in the maintenance of the transport sector may cause irreversible deterioration of infrastructure preventing long-term impacts of improvement in national development. This is because accident rates are on the increase with victims linked to property cost which may aggravate isolation.
Poor systems this constrain mobility raising costs of operating vehicles to rise significantly. With the integration of GIS in pavement together with its associated technologies such as global position system have proved instrumental in the policy decision making process on pavement maintenance and management.
As most of the areas in every field of life GIS(Geographic information system) helps in achieving excellence in the transport industry. It significantly aids in planning, monitoring and managing complicated systems involved in transportation planning and management more effectively. GIS helps in determining capacity enhancements, improving operations, and identifying the most strategic investments for keeping the transportation system in any country running optimally. Let’s learn below how we can use GIS for better management of road infrastructure in the field of transport.
The use of GIS in the transport sector is spreading worldwide which increases its consumption. The major areas of applications for this system include highway maintenance, traffic modeling, analysis of accidents, and route planning.
Highway management with GIS
Highway maintenance management is an important and critical issue. However, it can be better harnessed using the GIS system. In many developed countries authorities now actively prefer using GIS for highways and transport management compared to other means. This is because it increases the ease and they benefit with the falling cost.
Several factors affect highway safety including pavement friction, road geometry, traffic conditions, vehicle speed, and environmental conditions. Safety data shows low resistance in conjunction with wet conditions directly correlates to the increased number of skid related crashes. Thus, from a pavement engineering perspective, friction is a crucial factor in highway safety.
The most important objective of using GIS is visualization achieved through maps. With the display of real-time data, transport planners can quickly identify potential issues that can be addressed more efficiently and economically than with the conventional methods. Through detailed GIS maps, this information can be easily conveyed to decision-makers and the public.
For instance, Esri’s mobile GIS technology allows transportation maintenance and inspection crews to save time when collecting and updating information from remote locations. By using GPS and GIS-enabled devices, field crews accurately collect data from the field and seamlessly update corporate databases located in the office in real time.
Through GPS and Esri technology, officials can track resources and assets in real time, allowing a quick response to any event that requires immediate attention. They can also more effectively manage mobile resources by instantly seeing the location of any work or inspection crew on a map, then redeploy resources as needed. Significant productivity gains are achievable by optimizing scheduling and routine maintenance and inspection teams, which not only boosts productivity but also results in substantial fuel savings.
The integration of work order management system, routing, and scheduling software allows modern highway managers to more efficiently direct their mobile workforces and ensure that resources are most effectively utilized.
GIS in traffic modeling
GIS data can also be transformed into functional road models for large-scale traffic simulation. GIS data can model road networks around the world as polyline with attributes. Roadmaps from the GIS database can be extrapolated to automatically create geometrically correct and topologically consistent 3D models of large-scale road networks to be readily used in a real-time traffic simulation, interactive visualization of the virtual world, and autonomous vehicle navigation.
The resulting model representation could also provide essential road features for traffic simulations, including smoothly connected ramps, highways, overpasses, legal merge zones, and intersections.
GIS in accident analysis
GIS is used in identifying accident hotspots and in analyzing the trend of them occurring. Traffic accidents are one of the more important national and international issues, and their consequences are essential for the political, economic and social level in a country.
Management of traffic accident information requires information systems with analytical and accessibility capabilities to spatial and descriptive data. GIS delivers powerful spatial analytics, allowing the authorities to discover patterns and gain intelligence to understand travel behaviors better and perform accident analysis on time.
GIS significantly helps in accident analysis and leads to a reduction in the number of accidents on roads as well. GIS allows a more careful and accurate data selection, screening and reduction. Also, it will enable spatial analysis of the results in pre and post-processing. It allows the development of spatial statistics that rely on geographically-referenced data.
For instance, through the analysis of accident history, a transportation firm can identify significant safety issues and determine areas where measures can be taken to reduce the number of incidents. GIS can also allow the user to choose two months of accidents for comparison.
The statistics can be useful in displaying a decrease in crashes over a period.
GIS in route planning
Route planning is an essential application within transportation. Hurdles on routes can lead to unnecessary delays and losses. It is in favor of all businesses and people to know in advance which direction is the best to follow.
This knowledge can help in saving time and essentially gaining the best cost/benefit ratio. GIS-based systems quickly provide and analyze essential economic, demographic and cost estimates for planning new routes.
It helps in analyzing existing courses, collecting data and informing the riders of change to directions.
Route planning is also applied as a part of location planning, analyzing catchment areas for different sites, calculating overall drive-times to and from the site, maximizing potential customer inflow and ensuring the best possible accessibility.
Managing new roadways is an affair that is complicated. From computerized traffic control systems and incident and safety management systems to ongoing capital improvement planning and maintenance activities, transportation planners must draw on a wide array of technologies to effectively manage today’s roadways.
GIS can help transportation planners to integrate agency-wide information to achieve better operational efficiencies and results. By bringing in GIS in transportation, higher efficiency can be performed in the entire infrastructure lifecycle from planning and design through survey and construction management to operations and maintenance.
GIS helps in mitigating woes, both for the travelers and the planners. As the travelers get to know about the best routes for their destinations, transportation professionals get equipped with an enhanced ability to manage their infrastructure.
GIS system thus inputs from the results of visual road condition survey and annual average daily traffic data as core into the central road maintenance database. The system is very reliable, precise and effective in monitoring and one does not need to be a database expert to operate.